When bowel movements become less frequent and feces become harder to evacuate, this is known as constipation. Changes in diet or propensity, as well as an absence of fiber, are the most well-known causes.
Constipation is characterized as having under three defecations/bowel motions each week. The recurrence with which you “go” fluctuates significantly from one individual to another. Certain individuals have defecations ordinarily every day, while others just have them on more than one occasion each week.
Whatever bowel movement pattern you have, it is distinct and natural to you – as long as you don’t deviate too far from it.
Constipation is caused by various variables
Your colon’s primary function in the body is to absorb water from leftover food as it passes through your digestive system. The stool is then formed (waste).
The waste is finally pushed out via the rectum and removed by the colon’s muscles. Waste can turn out to be hard and hard to pass on the off chance that it sits in the colon for a really long time.
Constipation then happens when your colon retains a lot of water from stool (crap), making the stool dry and become hard to pass. Food might go too leisurely through the gastrointestinal system in the event that you have constipation.
Signs and Symptoms of Constipation
- Difficulties using the restroom owing to hard and/or tiny stools,
- The sense that you haven’t gotten everything out of your system after going to the bathroom,
- Distress in the lower midsection,
- Bloating in the lower midsection,
- Anal hemorrhage or fissures caused by damage from hard feces,
- Occasional diarrhea caused by firm feces obstructing the intestines,
- Perforation of the colon and
In the event that you experience critical inconvenience, blood in your stools, or obstruction that endures longer than two or three weeks, you should see a specialist.
Constipation affects people of all ages on a routine basis. Certain persons are also more prone to being constipated on a regular basis (known as “chronic constipation”).
- Older age is one among them.
- Being a woman, particularly during pregnancy and after childbirth. Hormonal changes in women render them more susceptible to constipation. The intestines are squished by the baby in the pregnancy, delaying stool transit.
- Young newborn children: If guardians or parental figures are worried about a child’s solid discharges, they ought to counsel a specialist. Constipation can be brought about by an assortment of elements, the most incessant of which are:
- when a baby first begins to drink formula
- while weaning
- while learning to use the toilet
- when under a lot of pressure
Reasons for Constipation
In this blog article, we will talk exhaustively about a rundown of reasons behind constipation. We will also look into evaluating the type of constipation and treatment methods needed.
- Lifestyle Choices,
- Medical Conditions, such as pregnancy and
- Dietary fiber deficiency
Constipation is less pervasive in individuals who burn-through a lot of dietary fiber. Clogging is typically brought about by a horrible eating routine.
Plant-based food varieties are regularly high in fiber. Fiber comes in two kinds: solvent and insoluble. Soluble fiber dissolves in water and travels through the digestive system as a soft, gel-like substance.
Dietary fiber is pretty significant. This is due to the fact that fiber encourages regular bowel movements, especially when combined with enough water.
Fruits, vegetables, healthy grains, nuts, lentils, chickpeas, and other legumes are all high in fiber and should be included in our diets
High fat meals, such as cheese, meat, and eggs; highly processed foods, such as white bread; fast foods, chips, and other prepared foods are all low fiber foods to avoid.
- Suppressing the bathroom urge when it is essential
If an individual suppresses a bowel motion urge, the need might disappear. The longer they wait, though, the stool will grow drier and tougher. This raises the possibility of fecal obstruction.
- Consuming insufficient amounts of water
Constipation may be avoided by consuming plenty of water on a regular basis. Plain soups and naturally sweet fruit or vegetable juices are also good options.
It’s crucial to remember that certain drinks might cause dehydration and worsen constipation in some people. The individuals who are inclined to blockage, for instance, ought to stay away from charged beverages, espresso, and liquor.
- Inactivity on the physical level
Constipation can also be caused by a lack of physical exercise. Physically active persons, such as marathon runners, are less prone to develop constipation than others. According to some research though, the specific reasons for this are unknown.
It has also been claimed that increased movement may benefit older individuals with constipation. Constipation is almost certain in the people who go through various days or weeks in bed or sitting in a seat.
It’s just vital that you go out and about on a regular basis. A 15-minute stroll might be beneficial.
- Routine adjustments
When you travel, for example, your usual routine is disrupted. As a result of intermittent access to toilets, lack of exercise, and dietary changes, there might be damage to the digestive system.
So, when you’re traveling, try to maintain a routine of eating a variety of nutritious, high-fiber meals, exercising, and drinking enough water. Don’t make drastic lifestyle changes all at once.
Constipation can be exacerbated by eating meals, going to bed, and using the toilet at times other than normal.
- Constipation due to overuse of laxatives
Some people are concerned that they do not use the restroom frequently enough, and they use laxatives to address this issue. Laxatives can aid with bowel movements, but prolonged use of some laxatives causes the body to become used to their effects.
In other words, laxatives, particularly stimulant laxatives, can become addictive. This implies that the more reliant a person is on laxatives, the greater the danger of constipation when they stop taking them.
Castor oil and a variety of botanicals are examples of stimulant laxatives. A connection has been made between long haul utilization of these products and harm to the colon’s muscles and nerves, which may bring about the condition.
Excessive usage of laxatives can result in dehydration, fluid overload, and internal organ damage.
Some of these problems are potentially fatal. As a result, before beginning to use laxatives, individuals should consult with a healthcare practitioner.
- Strong pain relievers, such as codeine, oxycodone, and hydromorphone, are among these medications that have the potential to lead to constipation.
- Ibuprofen and naproxen, just as other nonsteroidal mitigating prescriptions
- Antidepressants, for example, specific serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) (like amitriptyline) can also bring about constipation.
- Calcium or aluminum-containing antacids, such as Tums.
- Iron supplements
Constipation can be brought about by the accompanying basic medical issues:
- Neurological conditions, for example, spinal string harm, numerous sclerosis, Parkinson’s sickness, and stroke
- Colon or rectum issues, such as intestinal blockage, IBS, or diverticulosis, as well as Lazy bowel syndrome. Colon contractions are weak, and stool is retained.
- Constipation due to outlet dysfunction. (A problem with the pelvic floor muscles’ coordination which are required for stool discharge.)
- Imperfections in the gastrointestinal system’s construction (like fistula, colonic atresia, volvulus, intussusception, perfect rear-end, or malrotation.)
- Hormonal imbalances
Bowel motions can be influenced by hormones. Estrogen and progesterone levels are high throughout a woman’s menstrual cycle. However, this is seldom a long-term problem.
As a result of high levels of some hormones such as estrogen and progesterone produced during pregnancy, there is an increased possibility of constipation. Some reports suggested that around 40% of pregnant women have constipation. This can happen as a result of:
- Alterations in hormones
- Bodily changes, such as the uterus pressing on the intestines
- Modifications in diet or physical activity
- During pregnancy, some women take medicine, including iron supplements.
Older individuals are less active, have a slower metabolism, and have less muscular contraction strength in their digestive tract than younger people.
Many age-related issues (such as decreased mobility, concomitant medical diseases, increasing usage of medicines with a constipation-related adverse effect profile, and dietary changes) may contribute to the increased prevalence of constipation.
Treatments for constipation
With the aforementioned causes of constipation, it is critical to analyze and treat constipation simultaneously in order to avoid serious consequences. With regards to assessing and treating obstruction, there are a couple of rules to keep.
· The first rule is to distinguish between acute (newly developed) and chronic (long-term) constipation.
- Treat constipation early and utilize the least harmful therapies, which will prevent constipation from increasing and potential colon damage caused by repeated use of stimulant medications.
The simplest and quickest strategies to cure and prevent constipation are to change your diet and increase your physical activity.
You may likewise attempt the accompanying strategies:
- To hydrate the body, drink 1.5 to 2 quarts of unsweetened liquids, like water, each day.
- Avoid dehydration by limiting your intake of alcohol and caffeinated beverages.
- Increment in your fiber consumption by eating new leafy foods, entire grains, beans, prunes, or wheat cereal.
- Limit high-fiber meals including meat, milk, cheese, and processed foods.
- Focus on around certain minutes of moderate physical activity something like five days every week, with an objective of 30 minutes of the day. Try going for a stroll, swimming, or biking.
- Don’t put off having a bowel movement if you have the urge. The more you pause, the more troublesome it will be to get a stool.
- Give yourself plenty of time to use the restroom and attempt to relax your muscles.
- Only use laxatives when absolutely necessary. To soften your feces, a healthcare practitioner may prescribe laxatives or enemas for a brief length of time.
- Ask for help from your primary care physician to check whether any of your medications are causing stoppage
To summarize, constipation is a common occurrence that can be caused by a variety of causes including eating habits, medical problems, and a variety of other factors.
On the off chance that at all possible, utilize home solutions to treat constipation, like eating more fiber, drinking more water, and practicing regularly.
If a person experiences significant symptoms or pain, or if constipation appears abruptly or worsens, they should consult their doctor.
What can I do to avoid constipation?
- Consume a well-balanced, fiber-rich diet.
- Consistently, drink more glasses of water.. (Some people may get constipation as a result of drinking milk.)
- Exercise on a regular basis.
- Magnesium, a nutritional supplement, can help with moderate constipation. (Magnesium should not be taken by everyone.) Before taking it, see your doctor.)
- At the point when you want to move your insides, do as such. Do not put off your decision.